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Publication 2022: 16S rRNA metabarcoding unearths responses of rare gut microbiome of fathead minnows exposed to benzo [a] pyrene
Section 1: Publication
DeBofsky, A., Xie, Y., Challis, J. K., Ankley, P. J., Brinkmann, M., Jones, P. D., & Giesy, J. P.
16S rRNA metabarcoding unearths responses of rare gut microbiome of fathead minnows exposed to benzo [a] pyrene
Science of The Total Environment, 807, 151060
DeBofsky, A., Xie, Y., Challis, J. K., Ankley, P. J., Brinkmann, M., Jones, P. D., & Giesy, J. P. (2022). 16S rRNA metabarcoding unearths responses of rare gut microbiome of fathead minnows exposed to benzo [a] pyrene. Science of The Total Environment, 807, 151060.
Section 2: Abstract
Activities of gut microbiomes are often overlooked in assessments of ecotoxicological effects of environmental
contaminants. Effects of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) on active gut microbiomes
of juvenile fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) were investigated. Fish were exposed for two weeks, to con-
centrations of 0, 1, 10, 100, or 1000 μg BaP g−1 in the diet. The active gut microbiome was characterized using 16S
rRNA metabarcoding to determine its response to dietary exposure of BaP. BaP reduced alpha-diversity at the
greatest exposure concentrations. Additionally, exposure to BaP altered community composition of active
microbiome and resulted in differential proportion of taxa associated with hydrocarbon degradation and fish
health. Neighborhood selection networks of active microbiomes were not reduced with greater concentrations
of BaP, which suggests ecological resistance and/or resilience of gut microbiota. The active gut microbiome had
a similar overall biodiversity as that of the genomic gut microbiota, but had a distinct composition from that of
the 16S rDNA profile. Responses of alpha- and beta-diversities of the active microbiome to BaP exposure were
consistent with that of genomic microbiomes. Normalized activity of microbiome via the ratio of rRNA to rDNA
abundance revealed rare taxa that became active or dormant due to exposure to BaP. These differences highlight
the need to assess both 16S rDNA and rRNA metabarcoding to fully derive bacterial compositional changes
resulting from exposure to contaminants.
Section 3: Download
Section 4: Computed Information
T-2022-02-23-21uF23lceMNUSZRyXLCLk623g Publication 1.0