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AOSM2022: The drying of the Arctic and active layer development: a case study from the Western Canadian Arctic
Section 1: Publication
Authorship or Presenters
Brampton Dakin, David Rudolph, Philip Marsh, Fereridoun Reza Nezhad
The drying of the Arctic and active layer development: a case study from the Western Canadian Arctic
Hydrology and Terrestrial Ecosystems
poster plus 2-minute lightning talk
Brampton Dakin, David Rudolph, Philip Marsh, Fereridoun Reza Nezhad (2022). The drying of the Arctic and active layer development: a case study from the Western Canadian Arctic. Proceedings of the GWF Annual Open Science Meeting, May 16-18, 2022.
Section 2: Abstract
Plain Language Summary
As the Arctic climate warms there have been observed changes in snowfall and rainfall, as well as increasing evaporation, deepening of the active layer, changes in soil water storage, and changes in slope runoff. These combine to impact streamflow and runoff in poorly understood ways. Previous research has shown that it is not clear whether these changes will result in the Arctic becoming wetter or dryer. The summer of 2021 was an example of the latter for the Inuvik area, with the 7th warmest summer and driest July on record (Environment and Climate Change Canada). This presented a unique opportunity to study a warm and dry summer that may be an example of a future drying Arctic allowing insight into what might be expected. The research outlined here will address this issue using a physics-based model, GEOtop, to carry out numerical experiments. GEOtop is a permafrost hydrology model able to explore the processes controlling frost table depths and runoff over the summer. GEOtop is designed to handle micro topographies common across much of the Arctic tundra. We will apply GEOtop to a long-term research watershed in the western Canadian Arctic. Specifically, we will focus on Siksik Creek, a sub catchment of Trail Valley Creek Research (TVC) watershed, located 50 km north of Inuvik. Field data was collected throughout the summer of 2021. Data collection included measurements of frost table depths; water table depths; and stratigraphy and soil thicknesses across mineral earth hummocks and their inter-hummock zones. These data were collected along 15 transects that included a variety of terrain and vegetation types found in TVC. In addition to analyzing the 2021 field data, there is climate and streamflow data from other years across the 30-year period of record at TVC. We will then apply GEOtop to investigate the effects of a changing climate on the hydrology of the Siksik Creek region.
Section 3: Miscellany
University of Waterloo
First Author: Brampton Dakin
Additional Authors: David Rudolph, Philip Marsh, Fereridoun Reza Nezhad
Section 4: Download
T-2022-04-24-11Bhus2le130udt013V4EosXQ Conference Publication 1.0