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AOSM2022: Great Lakes Runoff Intercomparison Project (GRIP-GL)
Section 1: Publication
Authorship or Presenters
Juliane Mai, Hongren Shen, Bryan A. Tolson, Etienne Gaborit, Richard Arsenault, James R. Craig, Vincent Fortin, Lauren M. Fry, Martin Gauch, Daniel Klotz, Frederik Kratzert, Nicole O'Brien, Daniel G. Princz, Sinan Rasiya Koya, Tirthankar Roy, Frank Seglenieks, Narayan K. Shrestha, Andre G. T. Temgoua, Vincent Vionnet, Jonathan W. Waddell
Great Lakes Runoff Intercomparison Project (GRIP-GL)
Hydrology and Terrestrial Ecosystems
10-minute oral presentation
Juliane Mai, Hongren Shen, Bryan A. Tolson, Etienne Gaborit, Richard Arsenault, James R. Craig, Vincent Fortin, Lauren M. Fry, Martin Gauch, Daniel Klotz, Frederik Kratzert, Nicole O'Brien, Daniel G. Princz, Sinan Rasiya Koya, Tirthankar Roy, Frank Seglenieks, Narayan K. Shrestha, Andre G. T. Temgoua, Vincent Vionnet, Jonathan W. Waddell (2022). Great Lakes Runoff Intercomparison Project (GRIP-GL). Proceedings of the GWF Annual Open Science Meeting, May 16-18, 2022.
AOSM2022 IMPC & core modeling
Section 2: Abstract
Plain Language Summary
Model intercomparison studies are carried out to test and compare the simulated outputs of various model setups over the same study domain. The Great Lakes region is such a domain of high public interest as it not only resembles a challenging region to model with its trans-boundary location, strong lake effects, and regions of strong human impact but is also one of the most densely populated areas in the United States and Canada. This study brought together a wide range of researchers setting up their models of choice in a highly standardized experimental setup using the same geophysical datasets, forcings, common routing product, and locations of performance evaluation across the 1 million square kilometer study domain. The study comprises 13 models covering a wide range of model types from Machine Learning based, basin-wise, subbasin-based, and gridded models that are either locally or globally calibrated or calibrated for one of each of six predefined regions of the watershed. Unlike most hydrologically focused model intercomparisons, this study not only compares models regarding their capability to simulated streamflow (Q) but also evaluates the quality of simulated actual evapotranspiration (AET), surface soil moisture (SSM), and snow water equivalent (SWE). The latter three outputs are compared against gridded reference datasets.
The main results of this study are: (1) The comparison of models regarding streamflow reveals the superior quality of the Machine Learning based model in all experiments performance; even for the most challenging spatio-temporal validation the ML model outperforms any other physically based model. (2) While the locally calibrated models lead to good performance in calibration and temporal, they lose performance when they are transferred to locations the model has not been calibrated on. (3) The regionally calibrated models exhibit low performances in highly regulated and urban areas as well as agricultural regions in the US. (4) Comparisons of additional model outputs against gridded reference datasets show that aggregating model outputs and the reference dataset to basin scale can lead to different conclusions than a comparison at the native grid scale. This is especially true for variables with large spatial variability such as SWE. (5) A multi-objective-based analysis of the model performances across all variables reveals overall excellent performing locally calibrated models as well as regionally calibrated models due to varying reasons. (6) All basin-aggregated model outputs and observations for the model variables evaluated in this study are available on an interactive.
Section 3: Miscellany
University of Waterloo
First Author: Juliane Mai (University of Waterloo)
Additional Authors: Hongren Shen (University of Waterloo), Bryan A. Tolson (University of Waterloo), Etienne Gaborit (Environment and Climate Change Canada), Richard Arsenault (Ecole de technologie superieure), James R. Craig (University of Waterloo), Vincent Fortin (Environment and Climate Change Canada), Lauren M. Fry (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration), Martin Gauch (Johannes Kepler University), Daniel Klotz (Johannes Kepler University), Frederik Kratzert (Johannes Kepler University), Nicole O'Brien (Environment and Climate Change Canada), Daniel G. Princz (Environment and Climate Change Canada), Sinan Rasiya Koya (University of Nebraska–Lincoln), Tirthankar Roy (University of Nebraska–Lincoln), Frank Seglenieks (Environment and Climate Change Canada), Narayan K. Shrestha (Environment and Climate Change Canada), Andre G. T. Temgoua (Environment and Climate Change Canada), Vincent Vionnet (Environment and Climate Change Canada), Jonathan W. Waddell (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers)
Section 4: Download
T-2022-04-24-o1o2QiFEqH5ko2u6ByfS88Pmw Conference Publication 1.0